Cinchona, a Medicinal Plant that is Almost Extinct with Many Benefits

Cinchona plants which have the scientific name cinchona, which has about 40 species of trees such as cinchona capuli, cinchona glandulifera, cinchona lucumifolia, cinchona mutisii, cinchona rugosa, cinchona lancifolia, cinchona robusta and many more. Cinchona tree height is usually around 5-15 meters. Cinchona produces flowers with different colors, namely white, pink, and yellow.

In Indonesia, this plant, widely used as a medicinal plant that can cure various diseases, has caused the demand for Cinchona's supply to be processed into medicine to increase. But what is unfortunate is that the state-owned Cinchona plantations have declined in 2009 to 2014.

But did you know? As many as 90% of Cinchona's needs for the world supplied from Cinchona gardens in West Java. Bandung Regency is an area with high potential to be a place for the development of this plant because the city has a topographic and climatic location that is suitable for the survival of the Cinchona tree.

Since the coronavirus pandemic has swept the world, Cinchona now believed to be the Corona anti-virus. Even treat patients exposed to the Coronavirus because in the cinchona plant contains Chloroquine. You need to know, and this chloroquine phosphate is a drug that previously used to cure malaria. Chloroquine phosphate is a compound that can block the Coronavirus or infection caused by Covid-19.

Can Cinchona Become Corona Anti Virus?
China itself has stated that they use chloroquine phosphate to more than 100 patients and is sufficient enough to cure patients who have infected with the Coronavirus. Knowing the substance is quite useful and contained in Cinchona, many began to look to conduct further research. Some universities also invite to do more research in this regard.
Cinchona has long had the efficacy to deal with malaria in the 1630s to the 20th century. Indonesia itself had become the largest producer of Cinchona leather until 1942. Today Cinchona is back in the conversation because the Chinese Ministry of Health recommends drugs with the same ingredients as Cinchona.

Actually, what are the substances contained in Cinchona, and what are the benefits? Check out the following reviews:

1. Contains Antipyretic Compounds
 Cinchona is said to have antipyretic compounds that can cure fever, especially in the treatment of malaria. Cinchona skin is a source of various types of alkaloids or commonly called quinine. The content of antipyretic compounds that can kill parasites, viruses to germs that are in the blood. So that Cinchona's skin can kill bacteria and cure mild influenza and relieve symptoms of fever.
You need to know this Cinchona first came from the Andes mountains. The benefits of Cinchona as a drug make Indonesia have a Cinchona plantation in the West Java region and a factory in Bandung so that West Bandung Regency itself is a very potential area to develop Cinchona because appropriate topographic and climatic characteristics support it.

2. Maintain Heart
Treatment with Cinchona turned out to have done since the end of the 17th century, where several scientific studies mention that the alkaloid substance found in Cinchona is quinidine, which used as an arrhythmia drug. So that these substances believed to maintain heart health.

Besides, Cinchona is also said to cure some blood vessel problems such as varicose veins and hemorrhoids. To get the benefits you can By drinking boiled water Cinchona one to three times a day point, but now there are many different options besides the dry skin Cinchona, there are also in the form of powder or Cinchona skin extract.

3. Healthy digestion
 Cinchona was also able to overcome digestive problems. Because Cinchona's skin can stimulate fluid production and contain enzymes needed by metabolism. Parasites and protozoa that exist in the intestine indigestion can also overcome this Cinchona. Besides, Cinchona also has analgesic properties that can relieve pain and various other benefits such as antifungal antibacterials, digestive stimulants, antiseptics to nerve balance.

4. Treatment of Malaria
Cinchona has long been a drug to prevent or treat malaria because it can be anti-inflammatory for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and lupus erythematosus. But for a long time, Cinchona also gave resistance to malaria treatment, so some of them no longer use Cinchona. Even so, antipyretic compounds that can reduce fever become one of the advantages of the benefits of this Cinchona. The reason is when someone infected with malaria will usually experience a high heat.

Cinchona content
Cinchona has several ingredients derived from the quinoline alkaloid group, namely quinine, quinidine, cinchonine, and cinchonidine, which have anti-malaria. While the alkaloids themselves in Cinchona found in the skin and roots.

The content of alkaloids in the Cinchona bark itself can detect by extracting alkaloid compounds from Cinchona bark. The way the Cinchona bark separated from the sticky lichen then ground with a machine, and then the Cinchona bark is dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide. Although each Cinchona has that content, the content of this quinoline alkaloid compound is different for each Cinchona species.

Cinchona as an Anti Coronavirus Drug
Seeing the various benefits provided by Cinchona, Cinchona can be one of the medicines that cure patients infected with Coronavirus. Unfortunately, in Indonesia alone, there are no laboratories that have research related to Cinchona as a drug from Coronavirus. However, some researchers suggest that the Cinchona issue to deal with Coronavirus should reexamine immediately and deeper. They agreed that Cinchona could boost immunity, but to cure the Coronavirus had to be investigated more deeply.

For those of you who know information related to Cinchona can be anti-coronavirus, don't panic and buy Cinchona bark because the essential thing in healing this coronavirus disease is a robust immune system. Although many advocate that drinking chloroquine phosphate can cure the virus, it does not mean we have to follow these recommendations, because there is no official research journal related to chloroquine phosphate in Cinchona.

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